Some facts about Chukot

Chukchi is a Chukotko–Kamchatkan language spoken by the Chukchi people in the easternmost extremity of Siberia, mainly in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. According to the Russian Census of 2002, about 7,000 of the 15,700 Chukchi people speak Chukchi; knowledge of the Chukchi language is decreasing, and most Chukchi now speak the Russian language (fewer than 100 report not speaking Russian at all).

The language is closely related to Koryak. Chukchi, Koryak, Kerek, Alutor, and Itelmen, form the Chukotko-Kamchatkan languages language family. There are many cultural similarities between the Chukchis and Koryaks, including economies based on reindeer herding. Both peoples refer to themselves by the endonym Luorawetlat (‘ԓыгъоравэтԓьат’ [ɬəɣʔorawetɬʔat]; singular Luorawetlan‘ԓыгъоравэтԓьан’ [ɬəɣʔorawetɬʔan]), meaning "the real people". All of these peoples and other unrelated minorities in and around Kamchatka are known collectively as Kamchadals.

Chukchi and Chukchee are anglicized versions of the Russian exonym Chukcha (plural Chukchi). This came into Russian from Čävča, the term used by the Chukchis' Tungusic-speaking neighbors, itself a rendering of the Chukchi word ‘чавчыв’ [tʃawtʃəw], which in Chukchi means "a man who is rich in reindeer".

In the UNESCO Red Book, the language is on the list of endangered languages.

More info on Wikipedia

Info about Chukot

  • Belongs to: Russia
  • Population: 918,293
  • Latitude: 65
  • Longitude: 130

Cities of Chukot